Fatehpur Sikri ❤️
Hola flocks and petals. Hope you all doing fine . Here again I come up with an interesting blog related to travel , my recent visit to Fatehpur Sikri , Agra the monument of Agra Uttar Pradesh. Hope you will love it.
History of fatehpur Sikri.
Fatehpur Sikri is near agra , it was built by Mughal emperor Akbar during the 2nd half of 16th century. Fathepur sikri (the city of victory ) here Fateh means “victory” , was the capital of the Mughal empire for only some 10 years only . Previously, it was named Fatehabad . Later name was changed to Fatehpur Sikri. And making of nine gems ( No ratan) from his courtiers were selected here.
The construction of the city took around 15 years where courts , palaces , mosque, and other structure were built .
- Panch Mahal
- Fatehpur Sikri.
- Jodha Bai’s Palace.
- Buland Darwaza.
- Lotus Throne.
- Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti.
- Ruqaiya palace
- Salima palace
- Akbar palace
- Jodha’s temple
- Jama masjid
- Archaeological Museum
- Birbal’s Palace
- Hiran Minar
- I will discuss all to depth….
Sunrise 🌻 from 6.00 am to sunset 7.00pm , it is opened all day even on public holidays too except national.
Best time for visit
November to December lit bit of (cold), Feb to march ( normal weather).
Mainly 50 rupees per perosn but on Fri it’s about 35 rupees INR for only indians , and for foreigner it’s about to 600 rupees Only .
There is parking facilities charges about 100 rupees per car . No food facilities only beverages are there . For staying purpose there is lots of hotels with good budgets. From parking era the monument is far approx 900 meters you can go there via bus. Distance – from Delhi to Fatehpur Sikri it’s about 243 km , from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri it’s about 40 km only.
Fatehpur Sikri famous for..?
Well Fatehpur Sikri is well known for architecture of religion baised Mughal , hindu , jain . Red stones is basically for glowing victory and past ..
Why Fatehpur Sikri built
After victory of gujrat akbar decided to stay there so he gave ordered for making Fatehpur Sikri. basically everyone used to say that here akbar and jodha came there for to make a wish of child from sufi salim . Jodha wife of Akbar. In subsequent centuries, she has been referred to with several other names, including Hira Kunwari, Harkha Bai and Jodha Bai. … She was the mother of Akbar’s eldest-surviving son and eventual successor, Jahangir. The Mughal Emperor Akbar came to Chishti’s home in Sikri to ask him to pray for a male heir to the throne. Chishti blessed Akbar, and soon the first of three sons was born to him.
is the highest gateway in the world and is an example of Mughal architecture. It displays sophistication and heights of technology in Akbar’s empire. The door of victory was built in 1602 AD to commemorate his victory over gujrat . Height of darwaza – about 40 metres high and 50 metres from the ground. The total height of the structure is about 54 metres from the ground level. It is a 15-storied high gateway acting as the southern entrance of the city of Fatehpur Sikri.
Diwan-I-aam and Diwan-I-khas
There is 2 complex in that time one is Diwan-I-aam which means ( hall of public audience) and Diwan-I-khas ( hall of guest ) in which to hold the meetings with royal people , courtiers and guests . Diwan-I-aam is near the Agra Gate, was the place where Akbar heard petitions of the general public and did justice every morning. In the afternoon, he used to inspect his offices situated adjacent to this spacious complex. Diwan-I-khas – The second most striking feature of the Fatehpur Sikri is the massive Lotus Pillar throne, which was probably the throne, where the emperor sat while holding court.
Pancha mahal basically for all royal ladies , the whole mahal call covered with “parda” .this five storey mahal is designed in a decreasing order i.e. each floor is shorter than the one below it. From the top of the palace, one can enjoy a spectacular view of the whole city.
The ground floor has 84 pillars that provide strong support to the entire building. Earlier the pillars used to have jali screens in between them which acted as purdah for the royal ladies. For unknown reasons, the jalis are not there anymore. The topmost part of the palace is made in a traditional chhatri style dome which enhances its beauty. Total 176 pillars ground – 84 , 1st – 56 , 2nd – 20 , 3 rd – 12 , 4th – 4 pillars .
The first wife of akbar , also a cousin of akbar. She was the daughter of hindal Mirza , the youngest brother of akbar . She was betrothed to Akbar at the age of nine and married him at 14, but remained childless throughout her marriage. Her palace full of daimonds and stones with Persian art .
Jodha bai palace
One of the integral parts of the royal harem, this red sandstone building was constructed for the noble Hindu queen. The place was replete with all facilities and safety measures for the convenience and protection of the regal woman. it’s shows that akbar gave every wife full of freedom .She was his favorite queen and allowed to worship Hindu deity in her palace. The Palace shows a compelling mixture of Rajput and Mughal Architecture. Located on the eastern side of the court, the place was home to Akbar’s Rajput Queens and the other members of Harem.
Jodha Bai’s kitchen where she used to cook food for Akbar was right near the taps of drinking water. Going forward, an open space appeared and a small but attractive building stood at the entrance hallway.
Tomb of Salim chisti dargah
The main tomb building is enclosed by delicate marble screens on all sides, and the tomb is located in the centre of the main hall, which has a single semi-circular dome. The marble building is beautifully carved and has an ivory-like appearance. the Sufi saint, Salim Chisti, the tomb is the most beautiful example of Mughal Architecture. It finds its place in the courtyard of the mosque. Emperor Akbar took on to the building of this tomb as a mark of respect for Salim Chisti who foretold the birth of Jahangir, Akbar’s successor. The main building of this tomb is enclosed by marble screens from all sides. The door of the main chamber is carved beautifully with the patterns and inscriptions from the Quran.
Pachisi Court served as a place of amusement for the emperors. They played the game of Pachisi, similar to that of modern-day ludo by some and chess by others. The game instead of being played with original tokens or mohras was played with the person in real. The servants were dressed in the form of symbols and on the emperor’s demands had to make moves.
Mughal period cooler
Kinda interesting one. at that time there was no Ac or cooler . in mughal period cooler was there that is totally depends on North South air flow
Why akbar left Fatehpur Sikri
It was abandoned by Akbar in 1585 when he went to fight a campaign in Punjab. It was later completely abandoned by 1610. The reason for its abandonment is usually given as the failure of the water supply, though Akbar’s loss of interest may also have been the reason since it was built solely on his whim. someone told akbar that he will not lasts longer here till his whole life , after some years akbar left the place .due to shortage of water .
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Hope you like all the stuff . Thankyou for patiently reading.